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On-board connectivity

Market report - 19/05/2014 On-board connectivity

Can satellite compete with LTE?

This report explores the leading on-board connectivity markets: aircraft, ships and trains, providing usage and market data, along with insights into the key issues and challenges at hand. It also examines how much of a threat LTE poses, and how satellite can prepare to take on this new rival.
The connectivity market for cars is examined in a separate IDATE report "Connected Cars - Overview and trends".


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1. Executive Summary

2. Methodology & definitions
 2.1. IDATE's general methodology
 2.2. Methodology specific to this report

3. Review of the on-board connectivity market
 3.1. In-flight connectivity on commercial airlines
 3.1.1. Strong demand for connectivity amongst passengers
 3.1.2. Service features
 3.1.3. Nascent LTE Air-to-ground systems creating new competition
 3.2. Connectivity on-board cruise ships
 3.2.1. A nascent market
 3.2.2. Uncertain business model
 3.2.3. What impact can we expect LTE to have?
 3.3. Connectivity on-board trains
 3.3.1. Upsurge in traffic
 3.3.2. Typically two levels of service on offer
 3.3.3. Technical solutions that rely more and more on cellular
 3.3.4. Steady rollout of LTE-based solutions

4. Satellite operators gearing up to launch new systems
 4.1. ViaSat
 4.1.1. Satellites planned
 4.1.2. Spotlight on Exede and Yonder strategies and partnerships
 4.1.3. Spotlight on services provided with Exede and Yonder
 4.2. Inmarsat
 4.2.1. Satellites planned
 4.2.2. Spotlight on Global Xpress strategies and partnerships
 4.2.3. Spotlight on services in the Global Xpress package
 4.3. O3B
 4.3.1. Planned satellite constellation
 4.3.2. Spotlight on strategies and partnerships
 4.3.3. Spotlight on O3B maritime services
 4.4. Intelsat
 4.4.1. Satellites planned
 4.4.2. Spotlight on Epic strategies and partnerships
 4.4.3. Spotlight on the services provided by the Epic platform
 4.5. Eutelsat Air Access
 4.5.1. Satellites planned
 4.5.2. Spotlight on Air Access strategies and partnerships

5. Future issues and challenges
 5.1. New habits will affect demand for bandwidth
 5.2. Ongoing surge in video consumption
 5.3. Operators will need to juggle with the trend of everything for free
 5.4. The shift to hybrid systems
  5.4.1. Maritime systems have already gone hybrid: XpressLink
  5.4.2. In-flight systems: various hybrid combinations
Tables
Table 1: Summary of Qualcomm's ATG system proposal
Table 2: Frequency bands identified by Alcatel-Lucent in 2012
Table 3: Connectivity prices charged by the top cruise lines in 2013
Table 4: BATS talking points
Table 5: Yonder service plans
Table 6: Top nine uses of in-flight connectivity services in 2013
Table 7: Main network restrictions affecting mobile video viewing

Figures
Figure 1: American Airlines fleet with in-flight access as of mid-2013
Figure 2: Wi-Fi availability on domestic flights in the United States (June 2013)
Figure 3: Proportion of US domestic daily flights with Wi‐Fi access (1st half of 2013)
Figure 4: Proportion of international flights from the US with Wi-Fi (1H 2013)
Figure 5: Growth in the number of connected commercial aircraft between 2010 and 2013
Figure 6: Market share for the top providers of in-flight connectivity on commercial aircraft, 2013*
Figure 7: Huawei's eWBB solution
Figure 8: Solution tested by Deutsche Telekom with Airbus and Alcatel-Lucent
Figure 9: Prototype of a hand-sized LTE reception antenna used in trial
Figure 10: Deutsche Telekom's argument in favour of LTE
Figure 11: Cost by average subscribers per site (€)
Figure 12: On-board maritime connectivity market, 2012 20
Figure 13: On-board maritime connectivity market, 2012 20
Figure 14: MTN's planned use of Epic (HTMS) series spot beam coverage in 2015
Figure 15: Change in the price of an hour of internet access on-board ships (sold in 1-hour increments)
Figure 16: Increase in average bandwidth per vessel, 2005-2014
Figure 17: The value of offering connectivity on cruise ships
Figure 18: Example of a fully cellular maritime route
Figure 19: The Icomera X6 solution used by Viking Line
Figure 20: Cellular technology latency
Figure 21: Examples of maritime telecom links supplied by BATS Wireless
Figure 22: A selection of findings from a survey on US railway, Amtrak
Figure 23: The connected train
Figure 24: The 21Net solution
Figure 25: The Huawei solution
Figure 26: ViaSat's global coverage via the Ka-band alliance
Figure 27: How the Exede system works
Figure 28: Exede coverage area
Figure 29: ViaSat's Yonder Mobile Broadband service architecture
Figure 30: Coverage area of ViaSat's Yonder service
Figure 31: Inmarsat's total investment (N.B.: Inmarsat-6 starting in 2016)
Figure 32: List of Inmarsat alliances
Figure 33: According to Inmarsat, in-flight connectivity is vital to growth
Figure 34: Evolution of Inmarsat services for corporate aircraft
Figure 35: Recap of Inmarsat alliances
Figure 36: Comparison of O3B performances
Figure 37: O3B network architecture
Figure 38: O3B service coverage (latitude +-45°)
Figure 39: Epic platform coverage
Figure 40: Why go hybrid?
1. Executive Summary

2. Methodology & definitions
 2.1. IDATE's general methodology
 2.2 Methodology specific to this report

3. Review of the on-board connectivity market
 3.1. In-flight connectivity on commercial airlines
 3.2 Connectivity on-board cruise ships
 3.3 Connectivity on-board trains

4. Satellite operators gearing up to launch new systems
 4.1 ViaSat
 4.2 Inmarsat
 4.3 O3B
 4.4 Intelsat
 4.5 Eutelsat Air Access

5. Future issues and challenges
 5.1 New habits will affect demand for bandwidth
 5.2 Ongoing surge in video consumption
 5.3 Operators will need to juggle with the trend of everything for free
 5.4 The shift to hybrid systems
• Alcatel-Lucent
• Honeywell
• Huawei
• Qualcomm
• ViaSat
• ZTE

Satellite operators
• Eutelsat
• Inmarsat
• Intelsat
• O3B
• ViaSat

Service providers
• 21Net
• AT&T
• Deutsche Telekom
• Gogo
• Icomera
• LiveTV
• Nomad Digital
• OnAir
• Panasonic
• Row44
• ViaSat Exede

Transportation companies
• American Airlines
• Amtrak
• Carnival Cruises
• Daewoo Shipping
• JetBlue
• Royal Caribbean
• Virgin America
• Virgin Pendolino


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